Many of us have heard issues approximately Archimedes: he used to be the best mathematician of antiquity, and he ran bare from his bathtub crying 'Eureka!'. although, few individuals are accustomed to the particular accomplishments upon which his enduring attractiveness rests, and it's the objective of this publication to shed gentle upon this topic. Archimedes' skill to accomplish lots with the few mathematical instruments at his disposal was once outstanding. He made basic advances within the fields of geometry, mechanics, and hydrostatics. No nice mathematical services is needed of the reader, and the publication is definitely illustrated with over a hundred diagrams. it is going to end up interesting to scholars mathematicians alike.
By Isaac Asimov
During this remarkably thorough and utterly soaking up ebook, Isaac Asimov lines the historical past of technological know-how, from old Egypt to the atomic age--through the lives and careers of teh women and men who made it. In 1,510 biographical sketches he offers a wealth of evidence and anecdotes that remove darkness from each one person's contribution to the area of technology. And by means of arranging the entries chronologically, he indicates besides the interactions one of the a variety of participants and one of the numerous brances of technology. From Imhotep to Neil Armstrong, from Cleveland Abbe to Vladimir Zworykin, Asimov captures the mammoth scope and human drama of clinical discovery in a ebook that makes a useful reference--and interesting examining.
A desirable examine of Thomas Edison's existence and diverse innovations. A vintage biography.
By Patricia Pierce
The lifetime of one of many pioneers of the rising technological know-how of geology whose discoveries have been usually credited in her time to others, because of her gender and class
Mary Anning (1799-1847) was once one of many pioneers of the rising technological know-how of geology, and the 1st girl palaeontologist to make vital discoveries. while she used to be simply 12, she found the 1st complete ichthyosaurus skeleton; later, elderly 22, she came upon the 1st entire skeleton of a plesiosaurus, and this locate won her overseas popularity. She used to be strange then—as she will be now—in being a lady geologist, and she or he used to be additionally a interest in being either provincial and reduce classification while technology used to be ruled via higher classification London gents. in the course of her lifetime she received the honour of up to date scientists, receiving an annuity from the British organization for the development of technology over the past decade of her lifestyles. Upon her dying, Dickens wrote "the carpenter's daughter has gained a reputation for herself, and deserved to win it." After her loss of life, even if, scientists wrote her out in their books, crediting as an alternative the naturalists who had got her specimens along with her discoveries. It used to be impossible to them that an uneducated girl had produced such spectacular work. This biography rescues the now little-known lifetime of this outstanding girl from undeserved obscurity to bare her complete and interesting life.
By Errol C Friedberg
With a Foreword via Sydney Brenner (Nobel laureate in body structure or medication, 2002)
This biography info the lifetime of Paul Berg (Emeritus Professor at Stanford University), tracing Berg's existence from start, in 1926, to the current, with designated emphasis on his huge, immense medical contributions, together with being the 1st to boost know-how that resulted in gene cloning technological know-how. In 1980, Berg acquired a Nobel Prize in chemistry for this work.
as well as his contributions within the study laboratory, Berg orchestrated and oversaw a old assembly at Asilomar, California that situated on a threatening controversy surrounding the notion by means of the various destructive capability of recombinant DNA know-how. This assembly did a lot to prevent this controversy and to install position the rules of recombinant DNA paintings, hence placing fears to rest.
The recombinant DNA controversy used to be a old final result of the invention of gene cloning. significantly, it represented a paramount instance of medical foresight and due diligence by way of the clinical neighborhood, instead of by means of regulatory entities within the usa and lots of different nations. the last word popularity of gene/DNA cloning ended in a brand new period of recent biology that prospers to the present.
This publication is aimed basically at scientists and people in education. The e-book strives to easily supply info for the final reader, yet isn't particularly adapted for a basic interpreting audience.
whereas many books conceal the recombinant DNA controversy, none have satisfactorily addressed this historical interval and are usually contradictory concerning the many who is, where's, and why's concerned. also, the good majority of those have been written by way of non-scientists. This biography of Paul Berg offers entry to various archived letters and files at Stanford college now not formerly addressed, and to the chronology of occasions as recalled and documented by way of him, in addition to different key personalities, a lot of whom have been interviewed.
Readership: Researchers, graduate scholars, undergraduates in existence sciences, medication and chemistry and lay public.
By James Kunetka
In the summertime of 1945, the area was once replaced without end. The bomb that ushered within the atomic age used to be the made of certainly one of history's so much inconceivable partnerships. Leslie Richard Groves used to be made overlord of the impossibly large clinical firm often called the new york venture. His challenge: to overcome the Nazis to the atomic bomb. So he became to the nation's preeminent theoretical physicist, J. Robert Oppenheimer. of their three-year collaboration, the iron-willed basic and the visionary scientist led an excellent crew in a mystery mountaintop lab and outfitted the fearsome guns that ended the conflict yet brought the human race to unbelievable new terrors.
By Raymond Aron, Prof. Hendrik B. G. Casimir, Friedrich Cramer, Michael Feldman, Wolfgang Gentner, Michael J. Higatsberger, Aharon
"Scientists looking for Their moral sense" is the edited lawsuits of the eu Symposium at the results of technology on society held in Brussels in 1971. Organised by means of the ecu Committee of The Weizmann Institute, Israel, the convention gave scientists from diversified disciplines and plenty of nations the platform from which to discover intensive the issue dealing with them. The predicament is the accountability of scientists for society's use of clinical findings. notwithstanding no not easy and quick conclusions have been reached-in truth really the contrary-the discussions left without doubt that scientists have been changing into acutely aware that they could not declare that the pursuit of data is divorced from its use. but should still they start to stand the accountability for the applying in their paintings, it truly is transparent that their freedom could be impaired. The lack of freedom is naturally a part of the hassle of technology. Contents legit commencing, Monday, June 28, 1971 1 Chairman: Albert B. Sabin three audio system: Theo Lefevre . 7 Altiero Spinelli . eleven Morning consultation, Monday, June 28, 1971 thirteen Chairman: John C. Kendrew 15 audio system: Friedrich Cramer "Can our Society meet the problem of a Technological Future?" . . . 19 Aharon Katzir-Katchalsky "A Scientist's - proach to Human Values" . 33 dialogue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . forty six Afternoon consultation, Monday, Jtme 28, 1971 . . . . . . . . sixty one Chairman: Hendrik B. G. Casimir . . . . . . . . . . sixty one audio system: Leon Van Hove" actual technology on the subject of Human concept and motion" . . . . . . sixty three Chaim L. Pekeris "The influence of actual Sciences on Society" seventy three dialogue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
By Lisa Jardine
The impressive, principally forgotten maverick Robert Hooke was once an engineer, surveyor, architect and inventor who was once appointed London's leader Surveyor after the good fireplace of 1666. in the course of the 1670s he labored tirelessly along with his intimate pal Christopher Wren to rebuild London, for my part designing many striking private and non-private constructions, together with the Monument to the fireplace. He used to be the 1st Curator of Experiments on the Royal Society, and the writer and illustrator of Micrographia, a lavishly illustrated quantity of interesting engravings of typical phenomena as noticeable below the recent microscope. He designed an early stability spring watch, was once a virtuoso performer of public anatomical dissections of animals, and saved himself going with liberal doses of hashish and "poppy water"(laudanum).
Hooke's own diaries -- cryptically confessional as whatever Pepys wrote -- checklist a existence wealthy with melodrama. He got here to London as a fatherless boy of 13 to hunt his fortune as a painter, emerging by means of his wits to develop into an highbrow superstar. He by no means married yet shaped a long-running illicit liaison along with his niece. A dandy, boaster, workaholic, insomniac and inveterate socializer in London's most trendy circles, Hooke had an irascible mood, and his passionate idealism proved deadly for his relationships with males of impression -- so much particularly Sir Isaac Newton, who, after one violent argument, wiped Hooke's identify from the Royal Society files and destroyed his portrait.
In this energetic and soaking up biography, Lisa Jardine ultimately does Hooke and his achievements justice. Illuminating London's serious function within the emergence of recent technological know-how, she rediscovers and decodes an exceptional unique philosopher of indefatigable interest and mind's eye, a huge determine within the seventeenth-century highbrow and medical revolution.
This is often an exhilarating if now not rambling account of occasions of Raymond Smullyan's 4 lives as a mathematical truth seeker, musician, magician, and writer including options that come to his brain as he recollects them. This publication contains subject matters from a few of Smullyan's twenty-six books, in addition to a lot of his favourite anecdotes and jokes. It additionally offers a few generalizations of theorems of the nice logicians Gödel and Tarski, and discusses good judgment mostly, and the way he received his spouse with a good judgment trick! Smullyan additionally relates a few of his instructing studies, and expresses his perspectives on mathematical schooling, and the way our current textbooks are basically chargeable for its decline! approximately his existence as a pianist, Smullyan relates plenty approximately his reviews with the Piano Society a superb association to which he's a staunch contributor, and the way he has had such pleasant family members with lots of its individuals. final yet now not least, Smullyan recounts how he has recognized a few stunning girls through the years.