The administration of and attitudes towards childrens and adults with Down syndrome have passed through huge alterations through the condi tion's lengthy historical past (Zellweger, 1977, 1981, Zellweger & Patil, 1987). J. E. D. Esquirol (1838) and E. Seguin (1846) have been most likely the 1st physicians to witness the with out utilizing at the moment approved diagnostic designa tions. Seguin coined the phrases furfuraceus or lowland cretinism in contradis tinction to the goiterous cretinism endemic at the moment within the Swiss Alps. Esquirol, in addition to Seguin, had a favorable angle towards people who have been mentally unwell or mentally subnormal. Esquirol pioneered a extra humane therapy in psychological associations and Seguin created the 1st houses in France, and later within the usa, aimed toward teaching individuals who have been mentally subnormal. The time period mongolian idiocy was once coined by way of J. H. L. Down in England (1866). The time period is deceptive in numerous respects: (1) Down pointed out the epicanthic folds visible in lots of childrens with Down syndrome with the extra epidermis fold within the higher lid happening fairly in humans of Oriental (Mongolian) descent; and (2) Down additionally erred by way of assuming that Down syndrome represented regression to an ethnic version of reduce cultural status. Such an interpretation could have been comprehensible at a time while the parable of Anglo-Saxon superiority used to be broadly approved through the British. Charles Darwin's then hugely acclaimed idea of beginning of the species can have contributed to this sort of suggestion.
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